Special Section on Organic Photovoltaics

Estimating the impact of dye concentration on the photoelectrochemical performance of anthocyanin-sensitized solar cells: a power law model

[+] Author Affiliations
Radin Ahmadian

Hunter College High School, 71 East 94th Street, New York, New York 10128

J. Photon. Energy. 1(1), 011123 (September 14, 2011). doi:10.1117/1.3639136
History: Received August 11, 2010; Revised August 03, 2011; Accepted August 22, 2011; Published September 14, 2011; Online September 14, 2011
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This study investigated the relationship between the anthocyanin concentration in a series of organic fruit species and the photoelectrochemical performance of the TiO2 dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) sensitized by these dyes. It was hypothesized that organic dyes with a greater anthocyanin concentration have higher fill factors (FFs) and maximum output power (PMAX), which would lead to higher energy conversion efficiency. Anthocyanin dye solution was extracted from eight test fruits using water as the extracting solvent. Using these test organic dyes, multiple DSSCs were assembled such that light entered through the TiO2 side of the cell. The full current–voltage (I–V) covariations were measured at various incremental resistance values. Defining PMAX as the dependent variable, a series of linear, semi-logarithmic, quadratic, and finally power law regression models were used to investigate the relationship between anthocyanin concentration and photoelectrochemical performance. Regression analysis demonstrated that the power law model (R2 = 0.86) was the best fit and experimentally sound model to predict the relationship between PMAX and anthocyanin concentration. Based on this model, anthocyanin content and PMAX relation approaches zero for zero concentration and follows a sublinear increase for higher concentration. Dyes extracted from blueberry and black raspberry with the highest anthocyanin content generated higher PMAX with better FF and conversion efficiency. Estimating these linear and power law models is the first step in finding organic anthocyanin sources in nature that have the highest dye content to efficiently generate energy.

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© 2011 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)

Citation

Radin Ahmadian
"Estimating the impact of dye concentration on the photoelectrochemical performance of anthocyanin-sensitized solar cells: a power law model", J. Photon. Energy. 1(1), 011123 (September 14, 2011). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.3639136


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