Materials Synthesis, Deposition, and Processing

ZnO nanowire arrays synthesized on ZnO and GaN films for photovoltaic and light-emitting devices

[+] Author Affiliations
Bita Janfeshan

University of Waterloo, Centre for Advanced Photovoltaic Devices and Systems, Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada

Bahareh Sadeghimakki

University of Waterloo, Centre for Advanced Photovoltaic Devices and Systems, Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada

Navid Mohammad Sadeghi Jahed

University of Waterloo, Centre for Advanced Photovoltaic Devices and Systems, Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada

Siva Sivoththaman

University of Waterloo, Centre for Advanced Photovoltaic Devices and Systems, Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada

J. Photon. Energy. 4(1), 041599 (Apr 28, 2014). doi:10.1117/1.JPE.4.041599
History: Received February 15, 2014; Revised March 19, 2014; Accepted March 25, 2014
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Abstract.  The wide bandgap, one-dimensional zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowires (NWs) and their heterostructures with other materials provide excellent pathways for efficient photovoltaic (PV) and light-emitting devices. ZnO NWs sensitized with quantum dots (QDs) provide high-surface area and tunable bandgap absorbers with a directional path for carriers in advanced PV devices, while ZnO heterojunctions with other p-type wide bandgap materials lead to light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with better emission and waveguiding properties compared with the homojunction counterparts. Synthesis of the structures with the desired morphology is a key to device applications. In this work, ZnO NW arrays were synthesized using hydrothermal method on ZnO and GaN thin films. Highly crystalline, upright, and ordered arrays of ZnO NWs in the 50 to 250-nm diameter range and 1 μm in length were obtained. The morphology and optical properties of the NWs were studied. Energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDX) analysis revealed nonstoichiometric oxygen content in the grown ZnO NWs. Photoluminescence (PL) studies depicted the presence of oxygen vacancy and interstitial zinc defects in the grown ZnO NWs, underlining the potential for LEDs. Further, hydrophobically ligated CdSe/ZnS QDs were successfully incorporated to the NW arrays. PL analysis indicated the injection of electrons from photoexcited QDs to the NWs, showing the potential for quantum dot-sensitized solar cells.

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© 2014 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Bita Janfeshan ; Bahareh Sadeghimakki ; Navid Mohammad Sadeghi Jahed and Siva Sivoththaman
"ZnO nanowire arrays synthesized on ZnO and GaN films for photovoltaic and light-emitting devices", J. Photon. Energy. 4(1), 041599 (Apr 28, 2014). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.4.041599


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