Special Section on Solution-Processable Organic Solar Cells

Photochemical stability of random poly(3-hexylthiophene-co-3-cyanothiophene) and its use in roll coated ITO-free organic photovoltaics

[+] Author Affiliations
Bérenger Roth, Frederik C. Krebs

Technical University of Denmark, Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Frederiksborgvej 399, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark

Andrey E. Rudenko, Barry C. Thompson

University of Southern California, Department of Chemistry and Loker Hydrocarbon Research Institute, 837 Bloom Walk, Los Angeles, California 90089-1661, United States

J. Photon. Energy. 5(1), 057205 (Dec 22, 2014). doi:10.1117/1.JPE.5.057205
History: Received August 26, 2014; Accepted November 21, 2014
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Abstract.  The photochemical stability of the active layer blend for organic solar cells was explored by introducing electron withdrawing cyano groups into the backbone of poly-3-hexylthiophene (P3HT). Random copolymerization of 2-bromo-3-hexyl-5-trimethylstannylthiophene and 2-bromo-3-cyano-5-trimethylstannylthiophene enabled introduction of the cyanogroups along the polythiophene backbone. The percentage of the cyano groups was 10%. The photochemical stability of poly(3-hexylthiophene-co-3-cyanothiophene) (CN-P3HT) was shown to be significantly better than pristine P3HT and the addition of CN-P3HT to P3HT also increased the photochemical stability of the blend. The photochemical stability of bulk heterojunction mixtures of the polymers and their blends with the fullerene phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester ([60]PCBM) were then studied and it was found that [60]PCBM had a significantly more stabilizing effect on P3HT than CN-P3HT and that the stabilization of the bulk heterojunction mixture was dominated by the fullerene. The mixture comprising both fullerene and CN-P3HT, however, demonstrated the highest degree of photochemical stability supporting earlier observations that the stabilizing effects are additive. Finally, the blends were explored in fully printed flexible ITO-free roll coated inverted devices (with an active area of 0.8cm2) using two different back PEDOT:PSS electrode compositions and the operational stability of the devices was studied under ISOS-L-2 conditions. The pure P3HT:PCBM devices were found to be the most stable in operation demonstrating that photochemical stability alone is not necessarily the dominant factor for overall device stability.

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© 2015 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Bérenger Roth ; Andrey E. Rudenko ; Barry C. Thompson and Frederik C. Krebs
"Photochemical stability of random poly(3-hexylthiophene-co-3-cyanothiophene) and its use in roll coated ITO-free organic photovoltaics", J. Photon. Energy. 5(1), 057205 (Dec 22, 2014). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.5.057205


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