Photovoltaic Materials, Devices, and Technologies

Impact of atmospheric species on copper indium gallium selenide solar cell stability: an overview

[+] Author Affiliations
Mirjam Theelen

TNO/Solliance, Thin Film Technology, High Tech Campus 21, 5656AE Eindhoven, The Netherlands

J. Photon. Energy. 6(1), 015501 (Feb 25, 2016). doi:10.1117/1.JPE.6.015501
History: Received September 28, 2015; Accepted January 28, 2016
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Abstract.  An overview of the measurement techniques and results of studies on the stability of copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS) solar cells and their individual layers in the presence of atmospheric species is presented: in these studies, Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells, their molybdenum back contact, and their ZnO:Al front contact were exposed to liquid water purged with gases from the atmosphere, like carbon dioxide (CO2), oxygen (O2), nitrogen (N2), and air. The samples were analyzed before, during, and after exposure in order to define their stability under these conditions. The complete CIGS solar cells as well as the ZnO:Al front contact degraded rapidly when exposed to H2O combined with CO2, while they were relatively stable in H2O purged with O2 or N2. This was caused by either degradation of the grain boundaries in the ZnO:Al film or by the dissolution of part of this film. Uncovered molybdenum films, on the other hand, oxidized rapidly in the presence of H2O and O2, while they were more stable in the presence of H2O with N2 and/or CO2.

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© 2016 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Mirjam Theelen
"Impact of atmospheric species on copper indium gallium selenide solar cell stability: an overview", J. Photon. Energy. 6(1), 015501 (Feb 25, 2016). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.6.015501


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