Advanced Concepts and Applications

Characterization of a liquid crystal/dye cell for a future application in display-integrated photovoltaics

[+] Author Affiliations
Ichiro Fujieda, Shunsuke Itaya, Masamichi Ohta, Shintaro Ozawa, Nada Dianah Binti M. Azmi

Ritsumeikan University, College of Science and Engineering, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, 1-1-1 Nojihigashi, Kusatsu, Shiga 525-8577, Japan

J. Photon. Energy. 6(2), 028001 (May 20, 2016). doi:10.1117/1.JPE.6.028001
History: Received February 15, 2016; Accepted April 27, 2016
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Abstract.  One can convert a luminescent solar concentrator to a display by scanning a laser beam on it. When a guest–host system of liquid crystal (LC) and dye materials are incorporated, absorption of excitation light and the radiation pattern of photoluminescence (PL) can be adjusted to changes in lighting condition. The resolution of a displayed image can be degraded by PL spreading in the LC/dye layer. Its contrast can be limited by the PL induced by ambient light. In the experiment, we fabricated a 22×25  mm2 cell that contained 0.5 wt. % coumarin 6 in a nematic LC host. The alignment was antiparallel and the gap was 6  μm. Using a blue laser beam of 0.04 mm FWHM, the PL intensity distribution was measured to be 0.20 mm FWHM at zero bias. It became slightly wider at 10 V. For contrast evaluation, we measured PL spectra under two conditions. First, the center of the cell was irradiated by a 1.7-mW blue laser beam. Second, the whole cell was uniformly exposed to light from a fluorescent lamp at illuminance of 800lx. The contrast of luminance was calculated to be 1.4×105. The optical power reaching its edge surfaces was measured and roughly agreed with the prediction by a simple model.

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© 2016 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Ichiro Fujieda ; Shunsuke Itaya ; Masamichi Ohta ; Shintaro Ozawa and Nada Dianah Binti M. Azmi
"Characterization of a liquid crystal/dye cell for a future application in display-integrated photovoltaics", J. Photon. Energy. 6(2), 028001 (May 20, 2016). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.6.028001


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