Special Section on Solar Fuels Photocatalysis

Photocatalytic CO2 reduction by highly dispersed Cu sites on TiO2

[+] Author Affiliations
Chao Liu, Gonghu Li

University of New Hampshire, Department of Chemistry, Parsons Hall, 23 Academic Way, Durham, New Hampshire 03824-3598, United States

Satish Kumar Iyemperumal, Nathaniel Aaron Deskins

Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Department of Chemical Engineering, Goddard Hall, 100 Institute Road, Worcester, Massachusetts 01609-2280, United States

J. Photon. Energy. 7(1), 012004 (Aug 18, 2016). doi:10.1117/1.JPE.7.012004
History: Received June 25, 2016; Accepted July 28, 2016
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Abstract.  Two nanocomposite photocatalysts were synthesized by forming highly dispersed Cu sites on TiO2 surfaces. The synthesized materials were characterized with microscopy, UV-visible, and infrared spectroscopy, and tested in photocatalytic CO2 reduction. Computational modeling was conducted to elucidate the role of single Cu sites in promoting CO2 reduction on TiO2. The nanocomposites demonstrated significantly higher activity than bare TiO2 in photocatalysis, and the activity was found to be related to the chemical state of surface Cu+ species. According to our modeling studies, the highly dispersed Cu sites likely contributed to the improved photocatalysis by stabilizing surface adsorption of CO2 on TiO2. Our experimental and modeling studies further confirmed the direct involvement of surface Cu sites in CO generation via CO2 reduction.

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© 2016 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Chao Liu ; Satish Kumar Iyemperumal ; Nathaniel Aaron Deskins and Gonghu Li
"Photocatalytic CO2 reduction by highly dispersed Cu sites on TiO2", J. Photon. Energy. 7(1), 012004 (Aug 18, 2016). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.7.012004


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