Advanced Concepts and Applications

Thermodynamics and the segmented compound parabolic concentrator

[+] Author Affiliations
Bennett Widyolar, Lun Jiang, Roland Winston

University of California, School of Engineering, Merced, California, United States

J. Photon. Energy. 7(2), 028002 (Apr 04, 2017). doi:10.1117/1.JPE.7.028002
History: Received February 2, 2017; Accepted March 14, 2017
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Abstract.  Compound parabolic concentrator (CPC) reflector profiles are complex and can be difficult to manufacture using traditional methods. Computer numeric control machines, however, can approximate complex profiles by bending a series of small flat segments. We investigate the relationship between the number of segments and the optical transmission of a CPC approximated by equal length segments whose start and end points lie along the CPC profile. We also investigate a separate method for generating CPC-like profiles by adjusting the angle of each segment to satisfy the edge-ray principle. Three variations of this method are examined where the edge-ray condition is taken from the start, mid, and end points of each segment. A flux efficiency (FE) to compare concentrators, which combines the concentration ratio and optical efficiency, is introduced and directly relates to the maximum achievable flux on the absorber. We demonstrate that the FE defined is another way to look at the compromises one makes for a geometric concentrator designed under real-world constraints.

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© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Bennett Widyolar ; Lun Jiang and Roland Winston
"Thermodynamics and the segmented compound parabolic concentrator", J. Photon. Energy. 7(2), 028002 (Apr 04, 2017). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.7.028002


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